Hidez Science ( Quelle: Hidez )
Whether in horses or in humans,each muscle consists of thousands of cells that are bundled together to form one functional unit. Skeletal muscles are covered with a protective sheath that eventually comes together to form tendons & ligaments. Muscles have a plentiful blood supply, because they require constant delivery of oxygen and nutrients. The blood supply should also take away the toxic waste substances that muscles build up during their high levels of activity.
Equine, muscle fibers are classified as either slow twitch or fast twitch fibers. Slow twitch or Type I fibers (which are white in the stained muscle section pictured) are highly oxidative, meaning they use aerobic metabolism to produce energy-generating ATP. These fibers are use for endurance they are "fatigue-resistant" as they are capable of reducing the toxic end products such as lactate or lactic acids.
Fast twitch fibers or Type II, fibers are subdivided into Type II A (stained a dark tan colour) & Type II B (stained a lighter tan color) fibers.
Type II A fibers are both high & low oxidative. These fibers are capable of utilizing both aerobic metabolism to produce energy for work & are used to maintain high speed or for jumping.
Type II B fibers are low oxidative, meaning they are highly anaerobic & are used to give horses speed. Neither class of Type II muscle fibers has the ability to reduce lactate as do Type I fibers, meaning fatigue is reached in a shorter time.
Distinct differences exist in the ratio of Type I to Type II fibers among breeds of horses, more specifically among type of preformance. Quarter horses & Thoroughbreds have lower proportion of Type I fibers when compared to Arabians or Andalusians.
Muscle Energy Sources
All cells are reliant upon high-energy phosphate bonds for energy. When these powerful phosphate chemical bonds breakdown, they release energy which is used by the body to power thing, like pumps, enzymes, and revolving doors for proteins to come & go from cells.
The fastest method of producing energy comes from a molecule that stores phosphate, know as creatine phoshate or phosphocreatine. However, this hot fuel called creatine phospate or phosphocreatine only lasts for less than 1 minute.
For more continuos function muscle will be need to make & store a more reliable energy source. The most 'reliable' energy is found in a molecule called ATP. It's so important it's often called "energy currency." ATP itself must come from the breakdown of nutrients-sugar (glucose, or Glycogen in it's stored form), fats & protein. ATP is continually used, remade & reused again. If there is no ATP the muscle will not fuction.
How Muscle Act
Muscles act by using ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate) to bind to different muscle fibres to cause a contraction of the whole fibre bundle. This process releases a phosphate ion from ATP to made ADP (adenosine di-phosphate). ADP has the phosphate ion put back on by the breakdown of sugar in the muscle cell and from stores in the muscle as creatine phosphate. The release of the phosphate ion from creatine phosphate is controlled by the enzyme creatine kinase (CK).
ADP and ATP are in relatively small concentration in muscle cells. Conversely, CK is in very high concentrations and is rapidly depleted by intense short term exercise, such as sprints, whilst ATP/ATP concentrations remain stable.
ATP is basically raw energy to all cells. ATP is the end product of two connected processes: anaerobic and aerobic metabolism. Anaerobic metabolism is the rapid breakdown of sugar to essentially lactic acid. Aerobic metabolism, a slower process, is the breakdown of lactic acid to carbon dioxide, which, unlike lactic acid, can be breathed out of the system.
Therefore, if you work hard, you will max out your aerobic system and start producing lactic acid. The build-up of acid in the muscle will eventually cause cramps and stop you working.
When muscles work hard and are overstretched, fibres break and the membranes leak. One of the enzymes that leak into the blood in high concentrations is CK. Therefore a good marker of muscle injury is CK.
1. MURRAY STEWART,Muscle Structure and Function- an explanation, Equine Vet. Journal (1976)
2. SEEHERMAN,M.W. O'CALLAGHAN, S.H. SCHELLING, MARY ROSE PARADID and R.S. STECKEL, Scintigraphic identification of skeletal muscle damage inhorse 24 hours afterstrenuous exercise, Equine Vet. Journal (1991)
3. JENNIFER M. MACLEAY, JESSICA A. BILLSTROM, MELISA A. HOWER-MORITZ and MICKELSON, Skeletal muscle metabolic response to exercise in horses with 'tying-up' due topolysaccharide storage myopathy Equine Vet. Journal (1999)
4. K.Leisson, U., Jaakma, T. Seene, Adaptation of locomotor muscle fiber types to endurance and intensive high speed training, Journal of equine Vet. Science (2008).
5. B. Eessen-Gustavsson and S. Valberg, Blood and Muscle Ammonia Concentrations in Horses during Treadmill Work and after Racing. Equine Exersice Physiology, 1987.
Cutmore,C.M.M.,Snow,D.H. and Newsholme,E.A. (1986). Effects of training on enzyme activities involved in purine nucleotide metabolism in Thoroughbred horses. Equine Vet.
6. Snow, D.H., Harris, R.C.and Gash, S.P. (1985. Metabolic response of equine skeletal muscle to intermittent maximal exercise. J.Appl. Physiol
Saltin,B. and Gollnick,P.D. (1983) Skeletal muscle adaptability: Significance for metabolism and performance, handbook of Physiology
7. NAT Brown, CE Kawcak, Architectural properties of distal forelimb muscles in horses, Equss caballus, Journal of Morphology.
The HIDEZ graduated compression animal suits are innovative engineered garments, using revolutionary technologies to construct the suits. Our scientifically engineered fabric is cut (into panels) in specific ways, then the strategically placed panels are sewn together to focus on certain muscle groups.
The unique seams also play a role, acting as anchor points, our seams help us with muscle focus creating the right amounts of controlled graduated compression to the animal
The term graduated compression means applying a greater amount of pressure at the extremities (the lowest point of the leg) and the pressure reduces off along the limbs and body. This technique HIDEZ uses force these vital blood supplies out of the lower limbs (where fluids tend to pool) back into circulation, back towards the heart.
This process enhances blood flow and oxygen availability to animal’s muscles speeds up the removal of waste products (e.g. lactic acids and carbon dioxide) for vital blood supplies. Good healthy blood supplies recover injuries faster, help prevent injuries by maintaining muscle temperature and it reduces muscle fatigue and by flushing out bad blood it reduces delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).
HIDEZ uses a unique muscle focus strategy when applying pressure to an animal’s hide. HIDEZ wrap the muscle groups focusing on them to help control graduated compression, but also to reduced muscle vibrations. This is very important when animals are travelling.
Muscle’s work extremely hard during traveling, they vibrate can overstretch. Muscle vibration can cause micro fibres to tear in the muscles, as a result membranes leak and the enzyme creatine kinase (CK) leaks into the blood in high concentrations causing cramping and ultimately travel sickness.
HIDEZ manufactures its own fabric which is a breathable moisture management fabric ,that contains high stretch elastomeric yarn .
This Moisture Management fabric enhances:
* Aids in lactic acid removal
* Aids in the increased flow of oxygen to the muscles
* Assists in the reduction of muscle vibration and delayed muscle soreness.
HIDEZ suits are manufactured using "warp knit" construction. Warp Knit fabrics are more durable and far superior to circular knitted fabrics,
Our fabrics are the most durable fabrics of their kind anywhere in the world and designed to return its natural/original shape no matter how much physical exertion or force the fabrics are subjected to when worn.
What is graduated compression?
It is a type of compression that is applied to the muscles, where there is greater pressure at the extremities and then gradually easing off at the top of one’s limb and again at the top of the torso. This process forces fluids that tend to pool back up and out of the limbs and back into circulation.
Is there any proof that gradient compression will help my animal ?
We have done many trials with HIDEZ over the years. People who have used the HIDEZ suits have experienced great results with their animals. From Veterinarians, Racehorse Trainers, Harness Racing Trainers, Endurance riders and Olympic gold medalists all competing in national and international events.
What does the HIDEZ recovery suit do?
HIDEZ recovery suits do a number of things. Mainly it’s designed to enhance blood flow back to the heart from the extremities (lower limbs), It will help supply more oxygen to muscles (enhance muscle activity), flush out waste products from blood supplies (e.g. lactic acids) and stop muscles from the effects of vibration (reduces DOMS). All of which will help reduce recovery times.
Are HIDEZ designed to be used during transport (Air, road or other means)?
Yes . We have had horses travel long distances in their HIDEZ suits, by road across Australia and by Air across the globe.Including BLACK CAVIARS 36 hour return flight from Melbourne to Ascot
How do HIDEZ support muscles in transport?
When travelling the animal’s muscles vibrate and shake around uncontrollably, causing microfiber tears in the muscles which allows the enzyme creatine kinase (CK) to leak in and break down muscle cells causing cramping and travel fatigue. The HIDEZ suits are cut and sewn in a specific way, using our distinct seams that act as anchor points to help wrap the muscles holding them firm against the body stopping muscle vibration.
Won’t my animal get hot travelling in their HIDEZ suit?
NO, Provided there is sufficient ventitalion .HIDEZ suits help maintain muscle temperatures, if it is hot the HIDEZ suit will keep the animal cool and if it is cold the HIDEZ suit will help keep the animal warm.
How do HIDEZ help muscles?
Animals muscle feel more fatigued & less powerful when they vibrate. HIDEZ suits are constructed in a way that holds them very tight against the animal’s body in the right places, to help reduce vibration and improve muscle focus & proprioception (awareness).
Can HIDEZ help to prevent an injury?
Yes.When HIDES are worn during transport, the compressive effect prevents muscles from vibration & overextending (which can cause injury) . Also HIDEZ can be worn before exercise warming up muscle and reduce the risk of muscle stress.
Can Hidez help with medical conditions?
The increased oxygenation and circulation provided by HIDEZ is an excellent way of relieving a range of medical complaints including travel fatigue, muscle fatigue, lymphedema, and Ty-up. It also helps to improve circulation during pregnancy, or after an operation.
Are Hidez restrictive when worn?
No. HIDEZ suits are firm fitting, but they don't restrict movement in limbs or muscles
Will HIDEZ keep my animal dry?
Yes. Our moisture Management fabrics moves moisture away from your skin to the outside of the HIDEZ garment where it evaporates - so your animals hide remains dry.
When should HIDEZ be worn?
· During transport
· Before exercise or competition
· As a recovery aid after exercise or competition
· When recovering from injury or surgery
·Can HIDEZ be worn for long periods of time?
Yes. HIDEZ are designed to help with the effect of travel sickness, muscle fatigue, and ty-up,plus speed up the recovery time of injuries. The HIDEZ suit can be left on for extended periods of time, provided the animal is in a standing position and secured, or being lead. the Hidez suits are not designed for use when the animal is laying down.
How to wash HIDEZ?
There’s no need to hand wash your HIDEZ. You can put them in the machine, but wash them on a cold, delicates setting. It’s best to use a gentle detergent too. As with all elastomeric garments, the gentler the washing process, the more life you’ll get out of your HIDEZ.
How to dry HIDEZ?
Do not tumble dry your HIDEZ. Let them dry naturally
How long will they last?
Obviously this depends on how you take care of your HIDEZ suit, how often you use them and how often you wash them.